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The current rate of growth which in computer network usage is a problematic issue motivates the inspiration to investigate less conventional solutions, similar to Network Coding (NC) which has attracted a lot of attention lately, to improve the bandwidth utilization and latency in computer networks. The objective of this paper is to show that the usage of Network coding is possible on enhancing the execution of Kurdistan Academic Network Backbone (KANB) to associate the primary ten urban communities in Kurdistan Region that contains the greater part of academic institutions. The proposed model investigates the possibility to apply peer to peer (P2P) multicasting multimedia streaming through KANB, which does not required any centralized knowledge about the topology of the network. The Random Linear Network Coding (RLNC) has been utilized for its superior properties to address the problems of delay, throughput and lake of security associated with store-and-forward based classical networks. Simulation results indicate the advantages of using network coding over the classical (store and forward) technique in term of improving the throughput gain and latency reduction with different type and size of files transmitted through the proposed network. Hawler city the capital and greatest city in Kurdistan Region have been chosen as a source node while Slemani city has been elected as a sink, node .Thus Network coding is applied at intermediate nodes the entire simulation is carried out using MATLAB R 2015.