Control Rate of Diabetic and Hypertensive Adult Patients in Association with Demographic and Healthy Behaviour Factors in Garmian- Kurdistan Region

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Muaf Abdulla Karim Jamal Kareem Shakor Bootan Hasan Ahmed Dlzar Omer Qadir Saleem Saaed Qader

Abstract

Hypertension   and   diabetes   mellitus   (DM)   are the      two       major      inter-correlated      risk       factors      of cardiovascular   diseases,    which    considered    as    the    major causes  of  morbidity  and  mortality.  This  study  is  set  up  to determine   control   rate,   and   the   social   demographic   and health   related   behaviours   risk   factors   in   association   with control   rate   in   hypertensive   and/or   diabetes   patients   who are  under  treatment.  Cross  sectional  study  was  carried  out in  this  study.  Data  have  been  collected  by  well-trained paramedics through direct interviews using structured questionnaire     with     the     participants.     A     conventional sampling  which  is  one  of  the  main  types  of  non-probability method  was  used  for  collecting  data.  SPSS  version  16  was used   for   analysing   data.   338   patients   were   recruited   into the   study,   150(44.1%)   of   participants   with   hypertension,88(25.9%) with diabetes and the rest 100(29.4%) with both diseases.   Patients   who   diagnosed   with   hypertension   weremore  under  control  83  (55.3%)  in  comparison  with  diabetic23(26.1%)   and   patients   who   were   diagnosed   both conditions 18(18.0%). High control rate was observed in hypertension  patients  compared  to  diabetes  and  those diagnosed   both   conditions.   Cor   morbidity   was   the   main cause of uncontrolled rate.

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