Abstract = 35 times | PDF = 55 times
Due to the unfit development of street characteristics, and negligence of maintenance, street loss what is precious and its sense, here the people’s feelings and perception of the streets have been negatively affected. This paper highlights landscape features as physical characteristics of streets including soft landscape (trees) and hard landscape (street furniture). This is to identify the roles of these two types of landscape features in securing sense of place. Nineveh Street in Mosul City Center, Iraq is selected as a case study. Mixed methods were selected for this research, quantitative technique by using 330 questionnaire survey, and qualitative technique by using 30 semi-structured interviews and direct observation. The study concludes that landscape features of streets contribute to create sense of safety and comfort that in turns give sense of place. The lack of the role of landscape features in providing safety and comfort has a negative effect on reducing the influence of sense of place in the street.
Keywordslandscape features, sense of place, commercial streets.
 N. H. Ja'afar, A. B. Sulaiman, and S. Shamsuddin, “Traditional Street Activities in Kuala Lumpur City centre.” International Journal of Multidisciplinary Thoughts, Vol. 2 (1), p. 93-105, 2012.
 S. Shamsuddinn, “Identity of Place: A Case Study of Kuantan Town Centre, Malaysia.” Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Nottingham, 1997.
 M. M. Mustafa, “Local Identity of Mosul City in the Urban Design Academic Products.” The 2th Engineering Conference of the Golden Ubeel, Mosul University, pp. 1-19, 2013.
 S. Al-Janabi, “Nineveh Street in Mosul: its functional importance and future.” The Iraqis news agency, May 13, 2013. [Online]. http://iraqyoon.net/articles/news_details.php?details=459. [Accessed: July 15, 2013].
 S. Shamsuddin, and N. Ujang, “Making Places: The Role of Attachment in Creating the Sense of Place for traditional Streets in Malaysia.” Elsevier Journal, 32, p. 399-409, 2008.
 F. A. Abbaszadeh, “Characterization of Physical Elements of Street Design.” Unpublished PhD thesis. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia, 2011.
 London Borough of Croydon, Landscape Design; Supplementary Planning Guidance No. 12, London Borough of Croydon, 2009.
 A. A. A. R. Hassan, and L. R. Hamid, “Effect of Furnishing Street Space on Harmony and Consistency of Construction Environment.” Al-Taqani Journal, 24(3), pp. A102-A119, 2010.
 V. Mehta, “Lively Streets Support Social Behavior.” Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27(2), p. 165-187, 2007.
 CABE, Delivering Great Places to Live: 20 Questions you Need to Answer; Building for Life. London. Seacourt Ltd, 2008.
 S. L. Handy, M. G. Boarnet, R. Ewing, and R. E. Killingsworth, “How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity Views from Urban Planning.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23(02), pp.64-73, 2002.
 G. Cullen, Concise Townscape. Great Britain: The Architectural Press, 1985.
 D. Appleyard, Livable Streets. United States of America, University of California Press, Ltd, 1981.
 N. H. Ja'afar, and I. M. S. Usman, “Physical and Transportation Elements of Traditional Street in Malaysia.” European Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 9 (4), p.669- 676, 2009.
 South Dublin County Council, Adamstown Street Design Guide: South Dublin County Council, Adamstown, 2011.
 North Shore City, Design of Streets; a Reference Handbook for High Quality Streets, North City Council, 2011.
 T. Telford, Manual for Streets. Thomas Telford Ltd. The Great Britain, 2007.
 N. H. Ja'afar, “Criteria Success in the Traditional Way to Attract Visitors: Kuala Lumpur: A Case Study.” Unpublished Master Thesis. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudi, Malaysia, 2006.
 D. E. Gray, “Doing Research in the Real World.” (4th ed). British, SAGE publication, 2014.
 J. W. Creswell, and V. L. P. Clark, “Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research.” (2nd Ed.). USA. Sage Publication, Inc., 2011.
 Himilia “Apek Keselamatan Jalan Dan Kemudahan Pejalan Kaki Di Dalam Pusat Bandar Dr Perspektif Wanita: Kajian Kes Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur.” Fakulti Alam Bina. Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia, 2005.
 N. Ujang, and K. Dola, “Linking Activity and Place Attachment Dimensions in Enhancing the Sense of Place.” Alam Cipta, International Journal on Sustainable Tropical Design Research and Practice, 2 (1). pp. 59-67. ISSN 1823-7231, 2007.
 N. Ujang, “Place Attachment and Continuity of Urban Place Identity.” Elsevier. pp. 156-167, 2012.
 J. Taylor, Science Research Methodology. New Castle, USA. Nyx Academics, 2012.
 K. F. Punch, “Introduction to Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches.” (3th edition). Great Britain. Sage Publications, 2014.
 A. Tandon, Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd, 2010.
 M. H. D. Al-Dewaji, “Urban renewal of the markets of Old Mosul: Planning study methods in maintaining the old commercial centres and developing Iraqi cities.” Unpublished Master Thesis. Mosul University, Iraq, 1989.
 A. W. Al-Nuami, “Nineveh Street: The Master of Mosul Streets.” Mosul City: cultural and heritage Illuminations. Al-Nuami, A. W. Ed., Baghdad: House of Books and Documents, 2012, 256-260.
 S. Al-Janabi, “Nineveh Street in Mosul: its functional importance and future.” May 13, 2013, The Iraqis news agency. http://iraqyoon.net/articles/news_details.php?details=459 [Accessed: July 15, 2013].
 N. H. Ja'afar, A. B. Sulaiman and S. Shamsuddin, “The Contribution of Landscape Features on Traditional Streets in Malaysia.” ASEAN Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies, July 16-18 2012. Bangkok, Thailand, Elsevier, 2011, p. 2-15.
 C. Moughtin, Urban Design: Street and Square. London: Architectural Press, 2006.
 Lillebeye, “The Architectural Significance of the Street as a Functional and Social Arena.” In the Sustainable Street: The environment, Human of Economic Aspect of the Street Design and Management. Norwegian Public Roads Administration, 2001.